When Sharapova was six, she and her father moved from their life of poverty in Russia to the United States, to enroll in the Nick Bollettieri Tennis Academy. After rising rapidly through the junior and professional ranks in the years that followed, Sharapova won her first Grand Slam title at Wimbledon in 2004 at the age of 17. In the two years that followed, Sharapova won eight titles on the WTA Tour and had two brief stints as the World No. 1. However, she lost all five Grand Slam semifinals she played during this period. She ultimately won her second Grand Slam title at the 2006 US Open.
In 2007, a right shoulder injury forced Sharapova to withdraw from numerous tournaments; this was partially responsible for her dropping out of the top five on the WTA world rankings for the first time in three years. Although she won her third Grand Slam title at the Australian Open in early 2008 and returned to the World No. 1 position later in the year, her shoulder needed surgery in October 2008. Sharapova was away from the sport for ten months until May 2009, which caused her ranking to drop out of the top 100. Since returning, Sharapova's ranking has recovered to within the top 15.
Sharapova's public profile extends beyond tennis. She has been featured in a number of modeling assignments, including a feature in Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue. Sharapova was the most searched-for athlete on Yahoo! in both 2005 and 2008. In July 2008, as a result of her success both on and off court, she was the world's highest-paid female athlete, earning US$26 million. Since February 2007, she has been a United Nations Development Project Goodwill Ambassador, concerned specifically with efforts in Chernobyl to recover from the 1986 nuclear disaster.
Sharapova was born in 1987 to Yuri and Elena, ethnic Russians, in the town of Nyagan' in Siberia, Russia. Her parents moved from Gomel, Belarus after the Chernobyl nuclear accident in 1986 affected the region. When Sharapova was two, the family moved to Sochi where her father befriended Aleksandr Kafelnikov, whose son Yevgeny would go on to become a Grand Slam champion. Aleksandr gave Sharapova her first tennis racket at the age of four, whereupon she began practicing regularly with her father in a local park.
At the age of six, Sharapova attended a tennis clinic in Moscow run by Martina Navrαtilovα, who recommended professional training at the Nick Bollettieri Tennis Academy in Florida, which had previously trained players such as Andre Agassi, Monica Seles and Anna Kournikova. Sharapova and her father, neither of whom could speak English, moved to Florida in 1994. Visa restrictions prevented Sharapova's mother from joining them for two years. Sharapova's father took various low-paying jobs, including dish washing, to fund her lessons before she was admitted to the academy. In 1995, she was signed by IMG and finally enrolled in the academy.
 200103: Professional debut
Sharapova turned professional in 2001 but played just one tournament that year. The following year, the 14 year-old Sharapova became the youngest female to reach the final of the junior Australian Open, before reaching the final of the junior Wimbledon Championships later in the year. She also won three titles on the International Tennis Federation Circuit and played her first matches on the main Women's Tennis Association (WTA) Tour, winning a match at the Pacific Life Open in Indian Wells, California, a Tier I event, before losing to former World No. 1 Monica Seles in the second round.
Sharapova started playing WTA Tour events full-time in 2003. She won through the qualifying rounds to reach the main draw of Grand Slams for the first time at the Australian Open and the French Open, but lost in the first round of both. Her breakthrough came on grass; at the DFS Classic in Birmingham, United Kingdom, Sharapova defeated World No. 15 Elena Dementieva in the quarterfinals, a result which secured Sharapova both her first WTA Tour semifinal and her first win over a player ranked inside the top 20. She then lost to Shinobu Asagoe in the semifinals. As a wildcard at Wimbledon, Sharapova defeated 11th seed Jelena Dokic to reach the fourth round, where she lost in three sets to Svetlana Kuznetsova.
After being defeated in the second round of the US Open by Ιmilie Loit, Sharapova won her first two WTA Tour titles in the fall, both at Tier III level. These were the Japan Open Tennis Championships in Tokyo, defeating Anikσ Kapros in the final, and the Bell Challenge in Quebec City, defeating Milagros Sequera in the final. She finished the year ranked World No. 32 and was named the WTA Newcomer of the Year.
 2004: Breakthrough season
Sharapova was defeated in the third round of the Australian Open by seventh seed Anastasia Myskina. The highlight of the remainder of her spring hardcourt season was a run to the semifinals at the Regions Morgan Keegan Championships and the Cellular South Cup in Memphis, USA, where she ultimately lost to Vera Zvonareva.
During the spring clay court season, Sharapova entered the top 20 on the WTA world rankings as a result of reaching the third round of the Qatar Telecom German Open in Berlin and the Internazionali BNL d'Italia in Rome, both of which were Tier I events. At the latter event, Sharapova defeated a player ranked inside the top 10 for the first time with a straight-sets win over World No. 10 Elena Dementieva. Sharapova went on to make the quarterfinals of a Grand Slam for the first time at the French Open, before losing there to Paola Suαrez 61, 63.
Sharapova won the third title of her career at the Wimbledon warm-up DFS Classic in Birmingham, United Kingdom, defeating Tatiana Golovin in the final. Seeded 13th and aged 17 at Wimbledon, Sharapova reached her second consecutive Grand Slam quarterfinal, where she defeated Ai Sugiyama 57, 75, 61 to make her first Grand Slam semifinal. There, she came back from a 62, 31 deficit to defeat fifth seed and former champion Lindsay Davenport 26, 76(5), 61. In the final, Sharapova upset top seed and defending champion Serena Williams 61, 64 to win her first Grand Slam singles title. She was the third youngest woman to win the Wimbledon title, behind only Lottie Dod and Martina Hingis. She entered the top ten for the first time as a result of the win.
Sharapova's form dipped in the aftermath of her Wimbledon victory, winning just three of six matches in her preparations for the US Open. At the US Open itself, she reached the third round before being eliminated by Mary Pierce. However, Sharapova rebounded in the fall to win consecutive titles in Asia, first defeating Marta Domachowska to win the Hansol Korea Open Tennis Championships in Seoul, South Korea, before defeating Mashona Washington to retain the Japan Open Tennis Championships in Tokyo.
In October, Sharapova defeated Venus Williams en route to making the final of a Tier I event for the first time at the Zurich Open, losing in the final to Alicia Molik. She then made her debut at the year-ending WTA Tour Championships in Los Angeles. There, she won two of her three round-robin matches (including a win over US Open champion Svetlana Kuznetsova) in order to advance to the semifinals, where she defeated Myskina. In the final, Sharapova defeated an injured Serena Williams 46, 62, 64, after trailing 40 in the final set.
Sharapova's win-loss record came to 55-15. Her five titles during the year were matched or bettered only by Davenport (7) and Justine Henin (5). Sharapova topped the prize money list for the year and finished 2004 ranked World No. 4.
 2005-2006: Consistency
Sharapova at Indian Wells in 2005.Sharapova started the year at the Australian Open, where she defeated fifth seed Svetlana Kuznetsova to reach the second Grand Slam semifinal of her career. Sharapova held match points in the third set of her semifinal match before losing to the eventual champion Serena Williams 26, 75, 86. In February, at the Toray Pan Pacific Open in Tokyo, Sharapova defeated top-ranked Lindsay Davenport to win a Tier I title for the first time in her career. Sharapova also won her next tournament three weeks later, the Qatar Total Open in Doha, defeating Alicia Molik in the final. Sharapova reached the top three on the world rankings for the first time as a result of this success.
In the semifinals of the Tier I Pacific Life Open in Indian Wells, California, Sharapova was defeated by Davenport 60, 60, the first time she had failed to win a game in a match. The following fortnight, she defeated former World No. 1 players Justine Henin and Venus Williams to reach the final at the Tier I NASDAQ-100 Open in Miami, where she lost to Kim Clijsters. As a result of this, Sharapova continued her progress on the world rankings, rising to a career-high of World No. 2.
Sharapova made the semifinals of a clay-court tournament for the first time at the Internazionali BNL d'Italia in Rome, where she lost to Patty Schnyder. Sharapova would have become the World No. 1 for the first time had she won the tournament. Sharapova then reached the quarterfinals of the French Open for the second consecutive year, before losing to eventual champion Henin. On grass, Sharapova won her third title of the year when she successfully defended her title at the DFS Classic in Birmingham, United Kingdom, defeating Jelena Jankovic in the final. As the defending champion at Wimbledon, Sharapova reached the semifinals without dropping a set and losing a service game just once, extending her winning streak on grass to 24 matches. However, she was then beaten by eventual champion Venus Williams 76(2), 61.
A back injury sustained by World No. 1 Davenport at Wimbledon prevented her from playing tournaments during the summer hardcourt season, which meant she could not earn new ranking points to replace those that were expiring from the previous year. Sharapova, although also injured for much of this time, had far fewer points to defend, and so she became the first Russian woman to hold the World No. 1 ranking on August 22, 2005. Her reign lasted only one week, however, as Davenport reclaimed the top ranking after winning the Pilot Pen Tennis tournament in New Haven, Connecticut.
As the top seed at the US Open, Sharapova lost in the semifinals to eventual champion Clijsters 62, 67(4), 63. However, she once again leapfrogged Davenport to take the World No. 1 ranking on September 12, 2005. She retained it for six weeks but, after playing few tournaments during the fall due to injury, she again relinquished the ranking to Davenport after six weeks. To conclude the year, Sharapova failed to defend her title at the year-ending Sony Ericsson Championships in Los Angeles, defeating Davenport in one of her round-robin matches but ultimately losing in the semifinals to eventual champion Amιlie Mauresmo.
Sharapova's win-loss record for the year was 53-12. She finished the year as World No. 4 for the second year and as the top-ranked Russian for the first time, having won three titles. She was the only player to reach three Grand Slam semifinals, having lost at all four Grand Slam tournaments to the eventual champion.
Sharapova started 2006 by losing in the semifinals of the Australian Open in three sets to Henin. Sharapova lost to Henin again in the final of the Dubai Tennis Championships several weeks later, having defeated former World No. 1 Martina Hingis and World No. 3 Lindsay Davenport in earlier rounds of the tournament. Sharapova claimed her first title in nine months at the Tier I tournament in Indian Wells, defeating Hingis in the semifinals and Elena Dementieva in the final. The following fortnight, she reached the final in Miami before losing to Kuznetsova.
Sharapova celebrating after winning the 2006 US Open.Sharapova did not participate in any of the clay-court warm-up tournaments due to injury, but she returned for the French Open. There, after saving match points in defeating Mashona Washington in the first round, Sharapova was eliminated in the fourth round by Dinara Safina 75, 26, 75, having led 51 in the third set.
On grass, Sharapova was unsuccessful in her attempt to win in Birmingham for the third consecutive year, losing instead in the semifinals to Jamea Jackson. Despite that, she was among the title favorites at Wimbledon, but was defeated in the semifinals by top seed and eventual champion Mauresmo. This marked Sharapova's fifth consecutive defeat in a Grand Slam semifinal.
Sharapova claimed her second title of the year at the Tier I Acura Classic in San Diego, defeating Clijsters for the first time in the final. As the third seed at the US Open, Sharapova defeated top seed Mauresmo for the first time in the semifinals 60, 46, 60. Playing in her second Grand Slam final, Sharapova defeated second seed Henin 64, 64  in order to win her second Grand Slam singles title.
That autumn, Sharapova won titles in back-to-back weeks the Tier I Zurich Open, defeating Daniela Hantuchovα in the final and the Generali Ladies Linz in Linz, Austria, defeating defending champion Nadia Petrova in the final. At the year-ending Sony Ericsson Championships in Madrid, Sharapova won all three of her round-robin matches in straight sets (including a win over Clijsters) to extend her winning streak to 19 matches. However, she then lost in the semifinals to eventual champion Henin. Sharapova would have finished the season as World No. 1 had she won the event. As it was, she finished ranked World No. 2, her best finish yet. She was the top Russian player for the second year. Her total of three Tier I titles was more than any other player, while her total of five titles at all tiers was second only to Henin's six. Her win-loss record amassed to 59-9.
 2007-2008: Injuries and erratic form
Sharapova at the 2007 Australian Open.Sharapova was the top seed at the Australian Open due to top-ranked Justine Henin's withdrawal. Sharapova was two points away from defeat in the first round against Camille Pin before eventually winning 63, 46, 97. She went on to make the semifinals, where she defeated fourth seed Kim Clijsters 64, 62 in order to reach the final of the tournament for the first time. However, there, she was overpowered by Serena Williams, ranked World No. 81 at the time, losing 61, 62. By reaching the final, Sharapova recaptured the World No. 1 ranking. She held it for seven weeks before surrendering it back to Henin after failing to defend her title at the Pacific Life Open in Indian Wells, California, losing in the fourth round to Vera Zvonareva, after struggling with a hamstring injury. The following fortnight, Sharapova defeated Venus Williams in three sets in the third round of the Sony Ericsson Open in Miami before suffering her second comprehensive defeat of the year by Serena Williams, 61, 61.
A shoulder injury also forced Sharapova to miss most of the clay court season for the second consecutive year. Her only tune-up for the French Open was the Istanbul Cup, where she lost in the semifinals to Aravane Rezaο. Despite her lack of preparation, she reached the semifinals of the French Open for the first time in her career (having saved match points against Patty Schnyder in the fourth round) but she then lost to Ana Ivanovic 62, 61.
On grass, Sharapova reached her second final of the year at the DFS Classic in Birmingham, United Kingdom, but lost there to Jelena Jankovic. At Wimbledon, Sharapova was defeated in the fourth round by the eventual champion Venus Williams 61, 63. This was Sharapova's earliest exit at Wimbledon since 2003.
Sharapova won her first title of the year at the Tier I Acura Classic in San Diego, retaining her title by defeating Schnyder in the final. As a result, she clinched the US Open Series for the first time in her career. Seeded second at the US Open, Sharapova won her first two matches with the loss of only two games but lost her third round match to 18 year-old 30th seed Agnieszka Radwanska 64, 16, 62, after being up a break in the third set. It was Sharapova's earliest exit at a Grand Slam singles tournament since the 2004 US Open where she lost in the same round.
Following the US Open loss, Sharapova did not play again until the Kremlin Cup in Moscow in October, where she lost her opening match to Victoria Azarenka. Shortly after this, she fell out of the top five on the world rankings for the first time since 2004. She qualified for the eight-woman year-ending Sony Ericsson Championships only because Venus Williams withdrew from the tournament. Despite having not previously won a match in two months, Sharapova topped her round-robin group at the tournament after winning all three of her matches,, including a three-set win over World No. 2 Svetlana Kuznetsova and a 61, 62 win over Ivanovic. She then defeated Anna Chakvetadze in the semifinals. In the final, Sharapova lost to World No. 1 Henin 57, 75, 63, in a match that lasted 3 hours and 24 minutes.
Sharapova ended the year with a win-loss of 40-11 and ranked World No. 5, her fourth consecutive year-end finish in the top five. However, for the first time since 2004 she did not finish the year as the top-ranked Russian (the honor instead being held by Kuznetsova) and for the first time since 2002, she won just one singles title.
Sharapova was seeded fifth at the Australian Open. There, she defeated former World No. 1 Lindsay Davenport in the second round, before later defeating the current World No. 1 Henin in the quarterfinals 64, 60, ending the latter's 32-match winning streak. Sharapova then beat third seed Jankovic 63, 61 in the semifinals to reach the final for the second consecutive year. There, she defeated fourth seed Ivanovic 75, 63 to win her third Grand Slam title. She became the first female Russian ever to have won the Australian Open and did so without dropping a set.
Sharapova playing at the Pacific Life Open in 2008.After the Australian Open, Sharapova extended her winning streak to 18 matches before finally losing for the first time in the season. This run encompassed two wins in singles rubbers when making her debut for Russia in the Fed Cup against Israel and victory at the Tier I Qatar Total Open in Doha, Qatar, defeafing Zvonareva in the final. Her winning streak was ended in the semifinals of the Pacific Life Open in Indian Wells, California by Kuznetsova. In April, Sharapova reached the final at the Bausch & Lomb Championships in Amelia Island, Florida, the first time she had reached the final at a clay-court tournament, having defeated Anabel Medina Garrigues in the third round in 3 hours, 26 minutes, her longest ever match. In the final, Sharapova defeated Dominika Cibulkovα. The following week, at the Family Circle Cup in Charleston, South Carolina, Sharapova lost in the quarterfinals to Serena Williams, her fourth consecutive loss to the American.
In May, Sharapova regained the World No. 1 ranking because of Henin's sudden retirement from professional tennis and request to the Women's Tennis Association that her own ranking be removed immediately. As the top-seeded player at the French Open Sharapova was within two points of being knocked out by Evgeniya Rodina in the first round, before eventually winning. Sharapova ultimately lost to 13th-seeded and eventual runner-up Dinara Safina in a 2 hour, 52 minute fourth round match 67(6), 76(5), 62, having held a match point in the second set. She relinquished the World No. 1 ranking as a result of this loss. Sharapova's dip in form continued at Wimbledon, where she lost in the second round to World No. 154 Alla Kudryavtseva. This was her earliest loss at a Grand Slam in almost five years and her earliest loss ever at Wimbledon.
At the Rogers Cup in Montreal, Canada in August, Sharapova withdrew from the tournament due to a shoulder injury, after defeating Marta Domachowska in her first match there. A MRI scan then revealed that Sharapova had been suffering from a rotator cuff tear since April. This injury prevented Sharapova from playing again during the year, missing the Beijing Olympics, the US Open and the WTA Tour Championships. In October, after a failed attempt to rehabilitate the shoulder, Sharapova had surgery to repair the tear.
Due to her long absence, she failed to play at least 40 matches in a year with a win-loss of 32-4 and three titles. She finished the year ranked World No. 9.
 2009: Comeback from shoulder injury
Sharapova made the quarter-finals of the 2009 French Open, her best Grand Slam performance of 2009.Sharapova did not attempt to defend her Australian Open title as she continued to recover from surgery. She returned to the sport in March, in the doubles tournament at the BNP Paribas Open in Indian Wells, California, but she and partner Elena Vesnina lost in the first round. After this, Sharapova withdrew from further singles tournaments. As Sharapova's hiatus continuted, her standing in the world rankings was severely affected. She dropped out of the top 100 for the first time in six years in May, the nadir being World No. 126.
Sharapova played her first singles tournament in nearly ten months in May, at the clay-court Warsaw Open. There, she won her first two matches but lost in the quarterfinals to Alona Bondarenko. The following week, Sharapova played at the French Open, where she won all of her first four matches in three sets, including a win over 11th seed Nadia Petrova where she fought back from a 4-2 deficit and a break point down in the third set to win in the second round. In the quarterfinals, Sharapova lost to Dominika Cibulkovα.
Sharapova reached the semifinals of the Wimbledon tune-up in Birmingham, losing to Li Na for the first time and then lost surprisingly in the second round of Wimbledon to Gisela Dulko. This is the second straight second round loss at Wimbledon.
Sharapova then traveled to North America for the 2009 US Open Series. She reached the quarterfinals in Bank of the West Classic in Stanford, losing to eventual finalist Venus Williams. At the LA Women's Tennis Championships in Los Angeles, Sharapova defeated Victoria Azarenka and Alona Bondarenko to reach the semi-finals where she lost to the eventual champion Flavia Pennetta. Sharapova then reached her first final since April 2008, at the Rogers Cup in Toronto, beating Vera Zvonareva and Agnieszka Radwanska en route. She lost in the final to Elena Dementieva. At the U.S. Open, Sharapova suffered a shock loss to 17-year-old Melanie Oudin in the third round, 36, 64, 75, where she served a record 21 double faults and sprayed 60 unforced errors.
At the Toray Pan Pacific Open in Tokyo, Sharapova made her second final of the year after having disposed of Samantha Stosur and Agnieszka Radwanska in previous rounds. Sharapova then claimed her first title of the year after her opponent Jelena Jankovic retired while 52 down in the final. As a result of this tournament, Sharapova re-entered the top 15 in the world rankings, at No. 15.
Her last tournament of the year was the China Open in Beijing which is a Premier Mandatory event. By reaching the semifinals in Tokyo, she earned a bye into the second round, thus becoming the first unseeded player to ever receive a first round bye in the WTA. In the second round, Sharapova rallied from 52 and a double break down in the third set to defeat the ninth seeded Victoria Azarenka 63, 67(5), 75 in a match that took over 3 hours to complete. In her final match of 2009, she lost to Shuai Peng in the third round, 62, 64. This is just the third tournament of the year that she failed to reach at least the quarterfinals, the other being Wimbledon and US Open. With no points to defend from last year, Sharapova moved up one spot to No. 14 in the World Rankings; a consequence of her third round showing.
Sharapova finished the year with a 319 record, winning one singles title, in Tokyo. Due to her injuries, she will finish the year outside the WTA Top 10 for the first time since 2003, however she has recovered her ranking from World No. 126 to World No. 14.
 Fed Cup participation
Sharapova playing for the Russian Fed Cup team against Israel in 2008.The behavior of Sharapova's father during her matches on the WTA Tour, combined with a perceived lack of commitment by her to the Fed Cup, has made her selection for the Russian Fed Cup team cause controversy in the past.
After Sharapova had beaten fellow Russian Anastasia Myskina at the 2004 WTA Tour Championships, Myskina criticized Sharapova's father saying : "He was just yelling and screaming instructions to her and I thought he just might jump right on the court at one point in the match." At the Fed Cup semi-finals two weeks later Myskina stated she would stop playing for Russia if Sharapova joined the Russian team the following season : "If she joins our team next season you won't see me there for sure. His behaviour is totally incorrect, simply rude. I don't want to be around people like him." Larisa Neiland, assistant to Russia Fed Cup captain Shamil Tarpishchev, added : "Her father's behaviour (at the WTA Tour Championships) was simply outrageous. I just don't see how he could work with the rest of us." However Tarpishchev himself played down the problem : "I feel that things will calm down soon and we'll have Myskina, Sharapova, Kuznetsova and everyone else playing for Russia." 
At the end of 2005, Sharapova stated she was now keen to make her Fed Cup debut and was set to play against Belgium in April 2006, but withdrew. Sharapova later withdrew from ties against Spain in April 2007 and against the United States in July 2007 because of injuries. The latter withdrawal led to Russia's captain saying she would be "ineligible for selection" for the Fed Cup final in September. However, Sharapova attended the final, cheering from the sidelines and acting as a "hitting partner" in practices, resulting in some of her Russian teammates implying that she was attending only to enable her to play at the 2008 Beijing Olympics (rules state that players must have "shown commitment" to Fed Cup in order to play). Svetlana Kuznetsova said, "She said she wanted to be our practice partner but if you can't play how then can you practice?"
Sharapova finally made her Fed Cup debut in February 2008, in Russia's quarterfinal tie against Israel. Sharapova won both her singles rubbers, against Tzipora Obziler and Shahar Pe'er, helping Russia to a 41 victory. Sharapova, however, did not play in Russia's Fed Cup semifinal or final later that year due to her injuries.
Women Athletes for Tennis